Arthritis is inflammation of the joints.
It can cause pain and stiffness and is common to the small joints of the foot and ankle.
There are more than 100 forms of arthritis, many of which affect the foot and ankle. Arthritis can make it difficult to walk and perform activities you enjoy.
Ball of Foot
In the foot, there are 28 bones and over 30 joints to allow a wide range of movement. In the ankle joint there are three bones, that enable up and down movement.
The major types of arthritis that affect the foot and ankle are osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and posttraumatic arthritis.
The symptoms of arthritis vary depending on which joint is affected.
In many cases, an arthritic joint will be painful and inflamed,have tenderness with pressure, and have swelling, warmth, and redness.
There may be increased pain and swelling in the morning, or after sitting or resting.
There may be pain with motion.
With proper treatment, many people with arthritis are able to manage their pain, remain active, and lead fulfilling lives.
Wearing shoe inserts (orthotics) or custom-made shoes with stiff soles and rocker bottoms can help minimize pressure on the foot and decrease pain.
An orthotic will maximize positioning and the spacing between the bones and joints minimizing joint frictions and helping decrease pain.