Ankle pain affects your bones, joints, and muscles causing swelling and stiffness, therefore hindering your ability to stand, walk and run.
Common areas of ankle pain are on outside of the ankle, on the interior ankle, and in the Achilles Tendon.
Ankle pain is often directly due to injuries such as sprains, strains, osteoarthritis, and tendonitis.
This pain may also be related to the instable structure of your feet.
Excessive stress may be put on certain areas of the ankle due to lack of proper support and alignment.
Pronation is the flattening of the arch combined with the ankle rolling inward. The foot naturally pronates to absorb body shock. Over pronation, however, is when a foot flattens too much, along with the ankle rolling inward too greatly. Over pronation can lead to foot, arch, and toe deformity. Additional stress can affect the posterior tibialis tendon, which leads to pain while standing, walking, and running. Orthotics and supportive shoes are needed to counteract over pronation.
Supination occurs when the ankle rolls outward while walking. Over supination rolls the ankle outward excessively resulting in joint pain, ankle sprain, and increased wear on the outside heel. Orthotics and supportive shoes are needed to counteract over supination.
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Ankle pain is related to the spacing between the joints as the foot moves and turns. As the foot rolls inward, the joint spacing on the outside of the ankle is decreased. The ankle rolling outward results in minimized space on the inside of the ankle.
This rolling of the foot is from misalignment due to lack of proper fitting support or pronation (natural tilt of your foot that rolls inward or outward). When this space is diminished, bones begin to rub and grind on each other.
If an insole designed to fix your alignment is not worn, arthritis can potentially develop.