Pain in the arch can originate from bones, joints, tendons, and muscles of the foot. Improper support of the arches while standing, walking, and/or running commonly cause these pains.
Flat feet are usually caused by loose and weak tendons, in which the arch of the foot cannot support the weight of the body, resulting in a fallen arch or flat foot. If not corrected, flat feet are prone to have more foot deformities such as bunions, hammer toes, and arch deformation.
High arches are usually caused by tight tendons that contract and pull the arches unusually. Unsupported high arches commonly result in ankle sprains and cause pain in the arch, heel, and ball of foot. High arch problems are rarer, thus getting shoes and arch supports to properly fit is challenging.
A stretching/pulling or aching sensation here may indicate an imbalance with the arch of your foot.
Flat feet make your ankles roll inward and a high arch tilts them outward. Either of these makes you susceptible to arch pain.
It is important to wear an insole uniquely designed to your foot to stabilize your arch. If left untreated, Plantar Fasciitis may develop.
This pain can be identified in two different areas. Pain at the top of the foot is from the process of walking. As you take a step, the foot is compressed downward and bones jam together. Bottom of the foot arch pain is from the stretching of plantar fascia tissue.
Both of these areas of pain are due to the lack of proper fitting support or pronation (natural tilt of your foot that rolls inward or outward).