The common bunion is a localized enlargement of the inner joint at the base of the largest toe. This enlargement is an additional bone formation, often found in combination with a misalignment of the big toe.
The normally straight forward position of the big toe incorrectly angles outwardly toward the smaller toes (Hallux Valgus). This area (the first metatarsophalangeal joint) can become inflamed with redness, tenderness, and pain.
A small fluid-filled sac (bursa) adjacent to the joint can also become inflamed (bursitis) leading to additional swelling, redness, and pain.
Ball of Foot
Pain located on the base of the 1st or 5th metatarsal.
Pronation is related to most bunion cases. This inward walking motion will increase the deformity of the bunion and the big toe.
Bunions are also aggravated with wearing tight fitting shoes. Narrow fitting shoes will usually cause pain and calluses in bunion areas.
We can provide shoes with extra depth toe box room, however bunions require surgical intervention. Not wearing properly fitting shoes will accelerate the deformity. Proper shoes will decrease the pain and can even eliminate callus formations.
It is important to keep the foot in a neutral position while walking. Reducing the pronation of the foot, achieved with an arch support, combined with a proper fitting shoe is the best solution for bunions. Together they can maximize foot comfort and minimize further deformity.