Patellofemoral pain syndrome is a general term used to describe pain in the front of your knee, around your kneecap (patella).
Also called "runner's knee", as it is common those who participate in running and jumping sports. However, this can occur to anyone.
The knee pain and stiffness often increases when you run, walk up or down stairs, sit for long periods, or squat.
Many things may contribute to the development of patellofemoral pain syndrome. Problems with the alignment of the kneecap and/or overuse from vigorous athletics or training are often significant factors.
It can also be caused by a sudden change in physical activity, as in the frequency, the duration or the intensity of.
In some cases of patellofemoral pain, a condition called chondromalacia patella is present. Chondromalacia patella is the softening and breakdown of the articular cartilage on the underside of the kneecap.
Patellofemoral pain syndrome can also be caused by abnormal tracking of the kneecap in the trochlear groove.
Problems with the alignment of the legs between the hips and the ankles may result in a kneecap that shifts too far toward the outside or inside of the leg, or one that rides too high in the trochlear groove—a condition called patella alta
Muscular imbalances or weaknesses, especially in the quadriceps muscles at the front of the thigh can cause poor tracking of the kneecap within the groove. As the knee bends and straightens, the quadriceps muscles and quadriceps tendon help to keep the kneecap within the trochlear groove.
Simple treatments, such as rest and ice, often help, but sometimes physical therapy is needed to ease patellofemoral pain.
Make sure your shoes fit well and provide good shock absorption. If you have flat feet, consider shoe inserts.
Orthotics can help align and stabilize your foot and ankle, taking extra stress from your lower leg.